Table 3

Interventions based on randomised controlled trials (n=80)

Primary diagnosisPrimary interventionNo of patientsReference
External eye foreign body/rust ringRemoval of foreign body20 18
ChalazionIncision and curettage19 19
Anterior uveitisTopical steroid7 20
Allergic conjunctivitisTopical emedastine4 21
Corneal abrasionTopical chloramphenicol4 22
Keratoconjunctivitis siccaTopical lubricants4 23
Acute central serous retinopathyObservation2 24
BlepharitisTopical chloramphenicol2 25
Inflamed pterygiumTopical steroid2 26
Acute angle closure glaucomaNd:YAG laser iridotomy1 27
Allergic conjunctivitisTopical lodoxamide1 28
BlepharitisTopical steroid-antibiotic1 29
Branch retinal vein occlusion with vitreous haemorrhagePanretinal photocoagulation1 30
Central retinal vein occlusion with neovascular glaucomaPanretinal photocoagulation1 31
Chlamydial conjunctivitisTopical chlorotetracycline1 32
Corneal abrasionBandage contact lens1 33
Giant cell arteritisOral prednisolone1 34
Herpes simplex virus disciform keratitisTopical aciclovir and topical steroid1 35
Herpes simplex virus iridocyclitisTopical aciclovir and topical steroid1 36
Macular oedema due to diabetic retinopathyArgon laser focal photocoagulation1 37
Moderate non-proliferative diabetic retinopathyObservation1 38
Primary open angle glaucomaTopical betaxolol1 39
Postoperative viscoelastics induced rise in intraocular pressureSystemic acetazolamide + topical β blocker1 40
Recurrent corneal erosion syndromeTopical antibiotics1 41
Rhegmatogenous retinal detachmentPars plana vitrectomy + encircling + intravitreal sulfur hexafluoride gas1 42