Table 2

Clinical diagnosis at presentation and during the follow up period (n = 25)

DiagnosisTotalHealth clubPaintballMotocrossNew types of soccerBungee jumping
SquashOther*
Values presented as number of lesions (% of total). RD = retinal detachment.
*Capoeira, yoseikan budo, and bodybuilding; †beach soccer, soccer volleyball, and intramural soccer; ‡peripheral retinal tear; §peripheral retinal hole.
Initial diagnosis
Lids and orbit14 (56)433121
Lid/orbital contusion13 (52)43312
Lid oedema1 (4)1
Lid laceration2 (8)11
Conjunctiva4 (16)121
Subconjunctival haemorrhage2 (8)11
Conjunctival laceration2 (8)11
Cornea13 (52)41242
Corneal abrasion12 (48)41142
Corneoscleral laceration1 (4)1
Anterior chamber15 (60)63321
Uveitis4 (16)211
Hyphaema11 (44)42311
Glaucoma, secondary3 (12)111
Iris prolapse1 (4)1
Vitreous and retina14 (56)314231
Vitreous haemorrhage4 (16)121
Retinal haemorrhage8 (32)21311
Retinal oedema6 (24)222
Macular haemorrhage/oedema3 (12)111
RD (rhegmatogenous)1 (4)1
Choroidal haemorrhage1 (4)1
Follow up diagnosis
Angle recession4 (16)211
Traumatic mydriasis2 (8)11
Glaucoma, not controlled1 (4)1
Hypotony1 (4)1
Phthisis1 (4)1
Cataract subluxed1 (4)1
Contusion maculopathy1 (4)1
Retinal break5 (20)2‡1‡
Choroidal rupture1 (4)1