Table 2

Mean values or frequencies of risk factors for age related maculopathy by sex, the Hisayama Study, 1998

MenWomen
Risk factorNon-ARM (n=480)ARM (n=116)Non-ARM (n=754)ARM (n=132)
**p<0.01, ARMv non-ARM. *p<0.05, ARMv non-ARM.
Age (year) (SD)65 (9)68 (9)**64 (9)68 (10)**
Cataract (%)61.368.165.575.0*
Hypertension (history) (%)30.442.2*32.031.1
Hypertension (history or examination) (%)51.363.8*47.051.5
Diabetes (%)19.616.410.113.6
Hyperlipidaemia (%)44.240.559.758.3
Current smoker (%)34.833.64.54.6
Alcohol intake (%)65.861.213.49.9
Body mass index (kg/m2) (SD)23.1 (3.0)23.2 (2.9)23.1 (3.3)23.0 (3.6)
White blood cells (×106/l) (SD)6.3 (1.7)6.0 (1.4)5.5 (1.3)5.3 (1.4)