Table 1
% (95% CI)
NoLow visionBlindness
*Age adjusted to the 1990 Indonesia census population.
Bilateral low vision defined as better eye habitual VA 6/120 to <6/18.
Bilateral blindness defined as better eye habitual VA <6/120.
Total9894.3 (1.9 to 6.8)1.5 (0.0 to 3.0)
Age adjusted*5.8 (4.2 to 7.4)2.2 (1.1 to 3.2)
Age (years)
    21–303241.2 (0.6 to 1.9)
    31–403290.6 (0.0 to 1.6)0.3 (0.0 to 1.1)
    41–501742.9 (0.2 to 5.6)
    Above 5016219.8 (14.2 to 25.3)8.6 (3.4 to 13.9)
p Value<0.001<0.001
Sex
    Males4614.1 (2.0 to 6.2)1.1 (0.0 to 2.5)
    Females5284.5 (1.7 to 7.4)1.9 (0.0 to 3.9)
p Value0.490.35
Income (rupiah per month) (10 000 rupiah = 1US$)
    <500 0004745.3 (1.4 to 9.2)2.3 (0.6 to 4.0)
    500 000 to <1 000 0003573.4 (1.1 to 5.6)1.1 (0.0 to 3.1)
    1 000 000 or more1583.8 (0.1 to 7.5)
p Value0.410.03
Completed educational level
    Elementary school5456.6 (2.9 to 10.3)2.4 (0.4 to 4.4)
    At least junior high4441.6 (0.0 to 3.3)0.5 (0.0 to 1.3)
p Value0.0090.04