Table 4

Demographic, risk factors, clinical, and microbiological characteristics of 15 cases of bacterial keratitis with “very poor outcome”

SexAgeLocal risk factorPrevious topical treatmentSurface of infiltrate (mm2)Depth of stromal extensionAC inflammation (Tyndall effect)Bacteria identifiedDuration of hospitalisationOutcome
CL = contact lenses wear, AC = anterior chamber, PBK = pseudophakic bullous keratopathy, BCVA = best corrected visual acuity, CF = counting fingers.
F27CLOxybuprocaïne, fusidic acid64>2/3Hypopyon 1 mm Pseudomonas aeruginosa 10Central corneal scarring, BCVA 20/200
F89Exposure keratopathyNone16>2/3Hypopyon 1 mm Pseudomonas aeruginosa 12Permanent tarsorrhaphy
M25CLNone16>2/3+ Pseudomonas aeruginosa 11Corneal scarring, BCVA 20/200
M35Exposure keratopathyTobramycin9>2/3+Streptococcus spp8Permanent tarsorrhaphy
M71Removal of corneal sutureNone100>2/3Phtysis bulbi Streptococcus sanguis 20Evisceration
F7Corneal traumaNone16perforation+++ Streptococcus pneumoniae 13Cyanoacrylate glue
M36PBKRifamycin, chloramphenicol41/3+ Streptococcus vestibularis 11PK
M50Chronic ulcer of unknown aetiologyDexamethasone, neomycin6perforation+++None4Conjunctival flap
M86PBKNone9>2/3Phtysis bulbi Staphylococcus aureus 7Evisceration
F83Removal of corneal sutureNone6>2/3Hypopyon 3 mm Staphylococcus aureus 15Corneal scarring, BCVA 20/200
F50BlepharoplastyOxybuprocaïne, norfloxacine9>2/3++None14Corneal scarring, BCVA CF
F27Exposure keratopathyNorfloxacine, rifamycin41/3–2/3+None3Permanent tarsorrhaphy
F45Exposure keratopathyNone31/3–2/3+ Staphylococcus epidermidis 10Permanent tarsorrhaphy
M49Chronic ulcer of unknown aetiologyTobramycin24>2/3++ Staphylococcus epidermidis 60Conjunctival flap
M69Chronic ulcer of unknown aetiologyNone9>2/3+None19PK