Table 4

Eye specific assessment of the relation between retinal vessel signs and incident late stage age related maculopathy (ARM) lesions or early stage ARM

Retinal vessel wall signAge/sex/smoking/mean BP adjusted odds ratio* (95% CI)
*Estimated using generalised estimating equation (GEE) models.
Incidence of either late stage ARM lesion
Focal retinal arteriolar narrowing1.9 (0.8 to 4.7)
Mild AV nicking0.8 (0.4 to 1.5)
Severe AV nicking1.7 (0.6 to 5.0)
Incident early stage ARM
Focal retinal arteriolar narrowing2.0 (1.2 to 3.2)
Mild AV nicking1.1 (0.8 to 1.4)
Severe AV nicking1.7 (1.0 to 2.8)