Table 4

 Number and percentage of adopted children from eastern Europe with strabismus versus controls

StrabismusAdopted children (n = 72)Reference group (n = 90)p Value
No (%)No (%)
Heterotropia23 (32)2 (2)<0.0001
Manifest deviation19 (83)2 (2)<0.0001
Intermittent deviation4 (17)0 (0)0.07
Esotropia16 (22)2 (2)0.0001
Exotropia7 (10)0 (0)0.006
Heterophoria23 (32)23 (26)0.5