Table 1

 Frequency and aetiology of neuro-ophthalmological manifestations in 166 HIV positive patients with neurological manifestations

ManifestationsTotal (%)TXP (n = 77)CRY (n = 47)TBC (n = 23)LPH (n = 4)HZV (n = 2)HIV only (n = 14)
TXP, toxoplasmosis; CRY, cryptococcosis; TBC, tuberculosis; LPH, lymphoma.
*Total number of patients examined  = 153.
Any manifestation99 (60)3532153212
Optic neuropathy52 (31)
    Neuroretinitis25 (15)17215
    Anterior optic neuropathy16 (10)3355
    Retrobulbar optic neuropathy11 (7)16112
Eye movement disorders85 (51)
    Abnormal saccades71 (43)2718122210
    Abnormal pursuits65 (39)2417102111
    Nystagmus2 (1)11
Ocular motor palsy43 (26)
    IIIrd cranial nerve15 (9)471111
    IVth cranial nerve2 (1)11
    VIth cranial nerve28 (17)713422
    Convergence insufficiency1 (1)1
    Supranuclear gaze palsy2 (1)2
Visual field defects∗60 (39)19211037
Papilloedema45 (27)1011103110
Optic atrophy8 (5)1421
Cortical blindness1 (1)1