Table 1 Characteristics of participants in the Singapore Malay Eye Study
CharacteristicAll personsMenWomenp Value*
Age, years58.7 (11.01)59.4 (11.30)58.0 (10.71)0.001
Educational level<0.001
    Primary or lower2448 (75.2)1097 (70.2)1351 (79.8)
    Secondary or higher808 (24.8)466 (29.8)342 (20.2)
Individual monthly income (S$)<0.001
    Low (<1000)1818 (64.4)679 (48.6)1139 (79.9)
    Middle and high (⩾1000)1003 (35.6)717 (51.4)286 (20.1)
Housing0.004
    1–2 room public housing502 (15.4)212 (13.5)290 (17.1)
    3–5 room public/private housing2756 (84.6)1354 (86.5)1402 (82.9)
Low socio-economic status†1976 (61.2)872 (56.2)1104 (65.8)<0.001
Current smoker659 (20.2)611 (39.0)48 (2.8)<0.001
Alcohol intake53 (1.6)46 (3.0)7 (0.4)<0.001
  • *p Value for the difference in characteristics by gender based on chi-square test or t test, as appropriate. Data presented are means (SD) or number (%), as appropriate for variable.

  • †Low socio-economic status defined as primary or lower education and monthly income <S$1000.