Table 2 Prevalence of age-related macular degeneration by socio-economic status (SES) factors
No at riskNo. (%) with early AMDp Value*No (%) with late AMDp Value*
Educational level<0.0010.033
    Primary or lower2448154 (6.3)20 (0.8)
    Secondary or higher80814 (1.7)1 (0.1)
Individual monthly income (S$)0.0040.008
    Low (<1000)1818102 (5.6)17 (0.9)
    Middle and high (⩾1000)100332 (3.2)1 (0.1)
Housing0.0050.64
    1–2 room public housing50239 (7.8)4 (0.8)
    3–5 room public/private housing2756131 (4.8)17 (0.6)
Low socio-economic status0.0280.062
    Yes1976115 (5.8)17 (0.9)
    No125451 (4.1)4 (0.3)
  • *p Value based on chi-square.

  • AMD, age-related macular degeneration.