Table 3 PCR results for each herpes virus genome in patients with uveitis
Herpes virusClinical diagnosisPCR-positive*/total no of patients
HSV1Herpetic keratouveitis2/7†
Herpetic anterior uveitis3/16
Acute retinal necrosis2/16
Others0/61
HSV2Acute retinal necrosis3/16
Others0/84
VZVHerpetic anterior uveitis10/16
Acute retinal necrosis11/16
Others0/68
EBVIdiopathic uveitis1/26
Herpetic anterior uveitis (VZV)2/16
Acute retinal necrosis (VZV)2/16
Intraocular lymphoma1/12
Others0/30
CMVHerpetic anterior uveitis3/16
Cytomegalovirus retinitis1/1
Others0/83
HHV6Idiopathic uveitis1/26
Others0/74
HHV70/100
HHV80/100
  • *Detection of HHV-DNA by both multiplex PCR and real-time PCR.

  • †In the seven patients with keratouveitis, our PCR system detected HSV1-DNA in two patients.

  • CMV, cytomegalovirus; EBV, Epstein–Barr virus; HHV, human herpes virus; HSV, herpes simplex virus; VZV, Varicella-zoster virus.