Table 3

Univariate analysis: presentation features associated with development of endophthalmitis*

FactorEndophthalmitis no (%)p Value
Gender (n = 4693)
    Male (n = 4025)486 (12.07)
    Female (n = 668)85 (12.72)0.6341
Injury side (n = 4795)
    Right (n = 2344)258 (11.01)
    Left (n = 2551)313 (12.27)0.1691
Foreign body (n = 4795)
    Yes (n = 1384)232 (16.76)
    No (n = 3411)339 (9.94)0.0000
Type of injury (n = 4795)
    Penetration (n = 2135)281 (13.16)
    Foreign body (n = 1384)232 (16.76)
    Perforation (n = 109)16 (14.68)
    Rupture (n = 1167)42 (3.60)0.0000
Timing of primary repair (n = 3329)†
    <24 h (n = 2252)181 (8.04)
    ⩾24 h (n = 1077)390 (36.21)0.0000
Lens breach (n = 4486)‡
    Yes (n = 1109)143 (12.89)
    No (n = 3377)428 (12.67)0.8484
Intraocular tissue prolapse (n = 4795)
    Yes (n = 2362)166 (7.03)
    No (n = 2433)405 (16.65)0.0000
Zone (n = 4795)
    I (n = 2932)411 (14.02)
    II (n = 1033)114 (11.04)
    III (n = 830)46 (5.54)0.0000
Self-sealing of wounds (n = 4795)
    Yes (n = 1466)268 (18.28)
    No (n = 3329)303 (8.35)0.0000
  • Zone of injury: I, cornea; II, limbus to 5 mm into sclera; III, posteroior sclera.

  • *Excluding eyes removed within 24 h after open globe injury.

  • †Excluding 1466 eyes with self-sealing of wounds.

  • ‡Excluding 309 eyes with lens extursion.