Table 3

Differences in the overall visual functioning score by severity of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in linear regression models

Model 1Model 2Model 3Model 4
Mean (95% CI)*Mean (95% CI)*Mean (95% CI)Mean (95% CI)
No AMD (reference)89.7 (88.7 to 90.6)90.1 (89.3 to 91.0)
Early AMD0.13 (−1.9 to 2.2)−0.45 (−2.4 to 1.5)
Late AMD−6.4 (−11.7 to −2.1)−0.55 (−5.8 to 4.7)
No/early AMD (reference)89.7 (88.7 to 90.6)90.1 (89.3 to 91.0)
Late AMD−6.4 (−11.7 to −2.1)−0.51 (−5.8 to 4.7)
  • Adjusted means (SE) are given for the reference categories and β (β coefficients) (CI values for others). Bold coefficients represent independent variables significantly associated with vision-specific functioning (p<0.05).

  • * Age, gender, hypertension, income, education, smoking and eye condition.

  • Age, gender, hypertension, income, education, smoking, eye condition and presenting visual acuity in the better eye.