Table 2

Results of statistical significance as obtained by the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Freiburg Questionnaire of Coping with Illness (FQCI) and Stress Coping Inventory (SCI) in patients with HLA-B27-associated anterior uveitis (B27-AU) and an age-matched, healthy control group

Patients (P) vs controls (C)TotalWomenMenp Value for gender differences
NumbersP17164107
C553322
BDI sum scoreP8.7 (7.0)9.5 (7.6)8.4 (6.7)n.s.
C4.4 (4.3)4.5 (4.0)4.1 (4.7)n.s.
p<0.001*p=0.004*p=0.02*
FQCI
 Problem-solving behaviourP16.2 (4.7)16.5 (5.2)16.1 (4.4)n.s.
C14.1 (3.7)14.9 (2.9)13.0 (4.4)n.s.
p=0.004*n.s.p=0.004*
 Distraction and self-revalorisationP15.2 (4.2)15.7 (4.4)14.9 (4.0)n.s.
C16.7 (3.7)17.6 (3.1)15.5 (4.3)n.s.
n.s.p=0.030*n.s.
 Cognitive avoidance and dissimulationP6.6 (2.8)7.0 (3.1)6.4 (2.6)n.s.
C4.5 (1.9)4.3 (1.5)4.7 (2.4)n.s.
p<0.001*p<0.001*p=0.005*
SCI
 Playing down the diseaseP10.6 (4.7)9.4 (4.6)11.3 (4.7)n.s.
C12.3 (4.3)10.7 (4.2)13.0 (4.6)n.s.
p=0.02*p=0.030*n.s.
 Substitutional satisfactionP10.2 (5.7)12.0 (5.2)9.0 (5.7)p=0.002
C11.0 (4.4)12.4 (4.3)9.4 (4.1)p<0.001
n.s.n.s.n.s.
 Attempt to control reactionsP14.6 (4.4)14.3 (4.5)14.8 (4.3)n.s.
C13.4 (3.8)14.4 (3.4)13.0 (4.7)n.s.
n.s.n.s.p=0.02*
 Need for social supportP12.9 (5.6)15.4 (5.3)11.3 (5.2)p<0.001
C13.5 (5.7)14.9 (5.3)12.7 (5.3)n.s.
n.s.n.s.n.s.
 Avoidance tendencyP13.5 (5.1)14.4 (4.7)12.9 (5.3)n.s.
C11.3 (5.3)12.8 (5.3)9.9 (5.0)n.s.
p=0.008*n.s.p=0.010*
 Flight tendencyP10.6 (4.7)11.4 (4.8)10.1 (4.6)n.s.
C9.4 (4.2)10.8 (4.6)8.4 (3.6)p=0.001
n.s.n.s.p=0.006*
 Social withdrawalP7.6 (5.3)7.8 (5.1)7.4 (5.4)n.s.
C5.5 (4.3)6.5 (4.3)5.4 (4.7)n.s.
p=0.009*n.s.p=0.009*
 Rumination/pensivenessP15.0 (5.7)16.4 (5.1)14.1 (5.9)n.s.
C12.0 (5.5)13.7 (5.8)10.0 (5.1)n.s.
p=0.002*p=0.020*p=0.003*
 ResignationP7.3 (5.2)8.3 (5.3)6.6 (5.1)n.s.
C5.7 (4.6)7.3 (5.0)4.6 (3.3)n.s.
n.s.n.s.p=0.010*
 Self-pityP8.9 (5.6)10.1 (5.8)8.2 (5.4)n.s.
C7.6 (4.7)9.1 (4.8)6.5 (4.0)n.s.
n.s.n.s.p=0.063*
 Self-accusationP9.0 (4.8)9.6 (5.6)8.6 (4.3)n.s
C7.7 (4.4)9.0 (4.5)6.8 (4.7)n.s
n.sn.sp=0.016*
 AggressionP8.8 (5.5)8.6 (4.9)9.0 (5.9)n.s
C7.9 (4.7)8.8 (4.4)7.0 (4.6)n.s
n.sn.sp=0.084*
 Use of self-medicationP2.2 (3.3)2.0 (2.5)2.3 (3.7)n.s
C2.9 (3.9)3.7 (4.2)3.2 (3.9)n.s
n.sp=0.005*n.s
 Negative coping styleP9.7 (4.2)10.6 (4.2)9.1 (4.1)p=0.027
C7.9 (3.9)9.3 (4.0)7.3 (3.5)p=0.008
p=0.005*n.s.p=0.002*
  • P, patients; C, controls; n.s., not significant.

  • Data are given as means; SD is given in parentheses.

  • Test items/subscales in which no statistical significances were found are not displayed.

  • * Significance between patients and control group at p<0.05.

  • Significant gender-specific differences after Bonferroni–Holm correction.