Table 5

Proportion of moderate and severe vision impairment (MSVI; presenting visual acuity <6/18 but ≥3/60) by cause, regions and the world, 1990 and 2010, all ages

RegionCataractRefractive errorMacular degenerationGlaucomaDiabetic retinopathyTrachomaOther causes/ unidentified
1990
Asia Pacific, high-income22.8 (18.1 to 29.4)47.9 (38.4 to 54.1)3.5 (2.4 to 5.1)2.3 (1.5 to 3.5)2.8 (1.9 to 4.1)20.8 (15.8 to 27.3)
Australasia21.9 (17.2 to 27.6)46.5 (37.4 to 53.1)6.6 (4.6 to 9.5)2.4 (1.7 to 3.4)2.6 (1.9 to 3.6)20.1 (15.8 to 25.7)
Europe, Central26.6 (21.9 to 31.7)45.2 (36.1 to 52.1)4.7 (3.4 to 6.5)2.5 (1.9 to 3.3)2.0 (1.5 to 2.7)19.1 (15.8 to 23.4)
Europe, Eastern26.4 (20.4 to 32.1)44.8 (36.6 to 51.3)4.3 (2.7 to 6.9)2.7 (1.8 to 4.2)2.0 (1.4 to 3.2)19.8 (14.8 to 26.0)
Europe, Western24.1 (19.9 to 28.8)46.6 (37.9 to 53.0)4.1 (3.3 to 5.2)2.3 (1.8 to 3.0)2.5 (2.0 to 3.3)20.5 (17.2 to 24.5)
North America, high-income21.1 (16.6 to 26.1)47.8 (38.7 to 54.3)4.5 (3.2 to 6.1)2.4 (1.7 to 3.4)2.4 (1.8 to 3.5)21.9 (17.3 to 27.8)
World25.6 (22.7 to 28.4)51.1 (45.6 to 56.0)1.9 (1.6 to 2.4)1.2 (1.1 to 1.5)1.3 (1.2 to 1.6)1.3 (0.97 to 1.5)17.6 (15.4 to 20.3)
2010
Asia Pacific, high-income15.2 (8.2 to 22.1)48.1 (38.6 to 54.4)6.0 (3.8 to 9.8)3.7 (2.3 to 6.9)3.1 (2.0 to 5.4)23.9 (17.3 to 30.6)
Australasia13.7 (8.4 to 20.8)47.1 (37.7 to 53.5)8.0 (5.1 to 12.6)3.2 (1.9 to 5.9)2.9 (1.8 to 5.9)25.1 (17.4 to 32.4)
Europe, Central18.1 (13.2 to 23.4)46.2 (36.7 to 52.7)7.4 (5.2 to 11.0)3.9 (2.8 to 6.0)2.5 (1.8 to 4.0)22.0 (17.5 to 27.0)
Europe, Eastern18.4 (11.8 to 26.2)46.1 (37.1 to 52.6)6.8 (4.0 to 10.9)4.5 (2.6 to 7.7)2.8 (1.8 to 5.2)21.3 (14.4 to 29.1)
Europe, Western13.8 (10.3 to 18.3)47.3 (38.5 to 53.7)5.4 (4.1 to 7.5)3.4 (2.5 to 4.9)3.0 (2.4 to 4.5)27.1 (22.5 to 32.9)
North America, high-income13.0 (7.8 to 19.5)48.1 (38.9 to 54.4)5.5 (3.5 to 8.0)3.4 (2.3 to 5.4)2.8 (1.9 to 4.7)27.3 (21.4 to 33.8)
World18.4 (15.8 to 20.9)52.9 (47.2 to 57.3)3.1 (2.7 to 4.0)2.2 (2.0 to 2.8)1.9 (1.6 to 2.7)0.71 (0.56 to 0.91)20.8 (18.4 to 23.8)
  • 95% uncertainty interval is shown in parentheses.