TableĀ 4

Percentage of blindness (presenting visual acuity <3/60) by cause, regions and the world, 1990 and 2010, all ages

RegionCataractUncorrected refractive errorMacular degenerationGlaucomaDiabetic retinopathyTrachomaOther causes/ unidentified
1990
Asia Pacific, high-income18.8 (13.3 to 25.6)14.0 (8.4 to 18.2)14.9 (10.3 to 21.3)9.0 (6.0 to 12.8)4.8 (3.3 to 7.2)38.5 (30.4 to 46.4)
Australasia19.7 (15.2 to 26.0)14.0 (8.4 to 18.0)16.8 (12.9 to 22.2)9.6 (7.4 to 13.1)4.5 (3.4 to 6.2)35.5 (29.2 to 41.6)
Europe, Central26.9 (23.1 to 31.5)13.8 (8.2 to 17.9)12.2 (9.3 to 15.6)10.2 (7.9 to 13.3)3.5 (2.8 to 4.5)33.4 (28.6 to 38.3)
Europe, Eastern25.3 (18.7 to 32.5)13.8 (8.3 to 17.7)13.1 (9.1 to 19.2)10.8 (7.7 to 15.4)3.5 (2.4 to 5.4)33.7 (25.5 to 42.0)
Europe, Western19.2 (16.2 to 22.7)13.9 (8.3 to 18.0)16.1 (13.4 to 19.6)9.0 (7.4 to 11.3)4.4 (3.8 to 5.6)37.4 (32.4 to 43.0)
North America, high-income17.4 (12.5 to 22.8)14.0 (8.4 to 18.1)16.4 (12.2 to 21.4)9.2 (6.7 to 11.9)4.1 (3.0 to 5.8)39.0 (32.0 to 46.9)
World38.6 (35.2 to 42.0)19.9 (14.9 to 24.9)4.9 (4.4 to 5.8)4.4 (4.0 to 5.1)2.1 (1.9 to 2.5)2.8 (2.3 to 3.1)27.4 (24.9 to 30.0)
2010
Asia Pacific, high-income13.1 (8.3 to 20.8)14.1 (8.4 to 18.2)19.5 (12.3 to 28.8)11.7 (7.1 to 18.8)4.3 (2.6 to 7.1)37.3 (25.9 to 46.7)
Australasia14.5 (8.5 to 22.4)14.1 (8.4 to 18.1)17.7 (11.1 to 26.3)11.3 (6.8 to 18.8)4.3 (2.5 to 7.7)38.2 (25.9 to 48.1)
Europe, Central21.6 (17.0 to 26.7)14.0 (8.3 to 18.0)15.4 (10.9 to 20.8)12.5 (9.1 to 17.0)3.7 (2.8 to 5.5)32.9 (26.7 to 38.3)
Europe, Eastern20.6 (13.1 to 30.5)14.0 (8.4 to 18.0)16.6 (10.1 to 25.1)13.5 (8.6 to 20.6)4.0 (2.5 to 6.9)31.3 (21.0 to 40.9)
Europe, Western13.8 (11.2 to 17.9)14.0 (8.4 to 18.1)16.1 (12.5 to 20.1)10.6 (8.2 to 14.0)4.2 (3.4 to 5.9)41.4 (35.4 to 46.5)
North America, high-income12.7 (8.3 to 18.7)14.1 (8.4 to 18.2)16.4 (10.8 to 23.4)10.7 (7.0 to 15.7)3.9 (2.7 to 6.4)42.2 (32.6 to 50.1)
World33.4 (29.6 to 36.4)20.9 (15.2 to 25.9)6.6 (6.0 to 7.9)6.6 (5.9 to 7.9)2.6 (2.2 to 3.4)1.4 (1.2 to 1.7)28.6 (26.1 to 31.5)
  • 95% uncertainty interval is shown in parentheses.