Table 3

Unadjusted and adjusted ORs (95% CI) for cataract

ParameterCrudeMulti-adjusted*
OR95% CIp ValueOR95% CIp Value
Age (years)1.161.15 to 1.17<0.0011.161.14 to 1.17<0.001
BMI (kg/m²)1.011.00 to 1.030.1690.990.97 to 1.010.407
Marital status
 Unmarried (%)1.00Reference1.00Reference
 Married (%)0.250.09 to 0.670.0060.200.06 to 0.670.010
 Widowed (%)0.560.21 to 1.520.2560.170.05 to 0.600.005
 Divorced (%)0.050.01 to 0.20<0.0010.080.02 to 0.390.002
Education
 Elementary or below (%)1.00Reference1.00Reference
 Junior high school (%)0.420.36 to 0.49<0.0010.850.71 to 1.020.088
 High school (%)0.310.26 to 0.38<0.0010.770.62 to 0.970.026
 College or above (%)0.580.44 to 0.75<0.0010.850.62 to 1.160.309
Physical activity1.110.90 to 1.360.3491.110.87 to 1.430.399
Current smoking status1.931.37 to 2.72<0.0010.990.66 to 1.480.941
Current alcohol drinking status0.910.68 to 1.200.4861.511.08 to 2.100.015
Diabetes mellitus1.871.61 to 2.16<0.0011.331.11 to 1.580.002
Hypertension1.951.69 to 2.23<0.0011.130.96 to 1.340.148
Menopause status3.472.39 to 5.05<0.0010.790.52 to 1.210.281
History of contraceptive use0.760.65 to 0.90<0.0011.030.85 to 1.250.746
History of hormone
replacement therapy use0.930.63 to 1.370.7011.611.05 to 2.470.029
Triglyceride (mmol/L)1.091.04 to 1.140.0010.990.91 to 1.080.750
CHOL (mmol/L)1.121.05 to 1.200.0011.131.00 to 1.270.056
LDL-C (mmol/L)1.060.98 to 1.150.1590.890.77 to 1.020.100
  • *Multi-adjusted model: adjusted for age, BMI, education, marital status, smoking status, alcohol drinking status, physical activity, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, abortion, menopause status, history of contraceptive use, history of hormone replacement therapy use, and the levels of triglyceride, CHOL and LDL-C.

  • BMI, body mass index; CHOL, total cholesterol; LDL-C, low density lipoprotein-cholesterol.