Table 2

Mean change and difference in HbA1c, total cholesterol, LDL-C, HDL-C, triglycerides, 25-OH-vitamin D, TNF-α, hsCRP, comparing baseline to 6 months for placebo and supplement groups

HbA1c%TC (mg/dL)LDL-C (mg/dL)HDL-C (mg/dL)TGs (mg/dL)25-OH-D (ng/mL)TNF-α (pg/mL)hsCRP (mg/L)
Mean change and SD for placebo group+0.1±0.4+0.39±13.13+0.82±10.15−1.61±5.31+2.39±11.56+0.61±7.21+0.56±2.79−0.28±1.83
Mean change and SD for DiVFuSS group−0.1±0.4−8.33±23.40−7.61±16.08+3.82±6.24−10.46±28.48+4.54±5.93+0.78±5.04−2.14±3.
Mean difference between placebo and DiVFuSS groups0.2±0.58.73±19.798.44±13.93,5.43±5.8712.85±23.013.93±6.490.22±4.081.86±3.05
95% p values0.
  • 25-OH-D, 25-OH-vitamin D; DiVFuSS, Diabetes Visual Function Supplement Study; HbA1c, glycohaemoglobin; HDL-C, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; hsCRP, high-sensitivity C reactive protein; LDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; TC, total cholesterol; TGs, triglycerides; TNF-α, tumour necrosis factor-α.