Table 1

Demographics and main clinical characteristics of the study population

TotalGroup 1Group 2Group 3Group 1+3Controlsp Value†p Value‡p Value§p Value¶p Value**p Value††p Value‡‡p Value§§
Eyes451515153015
Patients341111122315
Age (years)74.2±5.973.7±4.174.4±7.775.3±6.274.5±5.272.6±7.6>0.9>0.9>0.9>0.9>0.9>0.9>0.9>0.9
BCVA (LogMAR)0.12±0.080.86±0.160.82±0.110.85±0.070.82±0.380.03±0.01>0.9>0.9>0.9>0.9>0.9>0.9>0.9>0.9
  • Group 1: reticular pseudodrusen; Group 2: drusen; Group 3: mixed phenotype (reticular pseudodrusen and drusen). Each value is expressed as mean±SD.

  • All the p values refer to one-way analysis of variance with Bonferroni correction.

  • †Comparison between group 1 and group 2.

  • ‡Comparison between group 1 and group 3.

  • §Comparison between group 1 and controls.

  • ¶Comparison between group 2 and group 3.

  • **Comparison between groups 1+3 and group 2.

  • ††Comparison between group 2 and controls.

  • ‡‡Comparison between group 3 and controls.

  • §§Comparison between groups 1+3 and controls.

  • BCVA, best-corrected visual acuity; LogMAR, logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution.