Table 3

Crude and adjusted HRs from Cox proportional hazard regressions and 95% CIs for corneal ulcer during the follow-up period in the study cohort

CohortCrude HR (95% CI)Adjusted HR (95% CI)
ESRD
 No1.001.00
 Yes1.52* (1.36 to 1.70)1.17* (1.03 to 1.33)
Age
 <50 years1.001.00
 50–64 years0.89 (0.78 to 1.03)0.81* (0.70 to 0.93)
 ≥65 years0.69* (0.60 to 0.80)0.63* (0.55 to 0.73)
Sex
 Female1.001.00
 Male1.03 (0.92 to 1.15)1.01 (0.90 to 1.12)
Comorbidity
DM
 No1.001.00
 Yes1.86* (1.66 to 2.09)1.82* (1.59 to 2.07)
HIV disease
 No1.001.00
 Yes
  • The adjusted HR for developing a corneal ulcer was calculated using a Cox proportional hazard regression analysis.

  • *p<0.05.

  • DM, diabetes mellitus; ESRD, end-stage renal disease.