Table 4

Factors associated with poor visual outcome in children with bilateral developmental or congenital cataract based on the better seeing eye (n=34)

Good or borderline outcome (≥6/60/FF)Poor outcome (<6/60)Crude OR (95% CI)P valuesAdjusted OR (95% CI)P values
Age at surgery (year)
Mean=5.7, SD=4.6
1.01 (0.85 to 1.19)0.94
Gender
  Male1360.93 (0.24 to 3.50)0.91
  Female123Reference
Type of cataract
  Developmental1051.88 (0.40 to 8.74)0.42
  Congenital154Reference
 Delay to surgery (month)*
 Mean=3.4, SD=3.4
1.02 (0.99 to 1.05)0.091.03 (0.99 to 1.07)0.09
Ocular comorbidities (nystagmus/strabismus)
  Present6711.08 (1.80 to 68.40)0.0110.63 (1.22 to 92.34)0.03
  Absent192ReferenceReference
PPC
  Not performed1210.50 (0.05 to 4.980.080.07 (0.002 to 1.99)0.12
  Performed138ReferenceReference
Intraoperative complications
  Present510.07 (0.002 to 1.99)0.55
  Absent208Reference
Postoperative complications
  Present1010.19 (0.02 to 1.74)0.140.42 (0.03 to 5.75)
  Absent158ReferenceReference
Duration of follow-up (months)
Mean=5.8, SD=9.2
0.80 (0.55 to 1.16)0.24
  • *Indicates interval between recognition of cataract in the eye by caregivers and admission to hospital for surgery.

  • FF, fix and follow; PPC, primary posterior capsulotomy.