Table 3

Surgical complications, postoperative interventions and number of follow-up visits

Bilateral
(n=69 eyes),
n (%)
Unilateral non-traumatic
(n=18 eyes), n (%)
Unilateral traumatic
(n=89 eyes), n (%)
Intraoperative complication
  Radial tear of capsulotomy7 (10.1)1 (5.6)10 (11.2)
  PC rupture without vitreous loss5 (7.2)2 (11.3)1 (1.1)
  Vitreous loss only1 (1.4)1 (1.1)
  PC rupture with vitreous loss4 (22.2)4 (4.5)
Early postoperative complication (up to 4 weeks)
  Fibrinous uveitis4 (5.8)2 (11.1)19 (21.3)
  Striate keratopathy/corneal oedema2 (2.9)2 (11.1)16 (18.0)
  Lens matter remnant1 (1.4)7 (7.9)
  Pupillary capture of IOL1 (1.4)1 (5.6)
  IOL decentration5 (5.6)
  Endophthalmitis3 (3.4)
  Iris prolapsed2 (2.2)
  Shallow anterior chamber1 (1.1)
Late postoperative complication (after 4 weeks)
  Visual axis opacification16 (23.2)1 (5.6)13 (14.6)
  Pupillary capture of IOL4 (5.8)2 (2.2)
  Decentration of IOL2 (2.9)1 (5.6)1 (1.1)
  Glaucoma1 (1.4)1 (1.1)
  Secondary membrane1 (1.1)
  Vitreous haemorrhage1 (1.1)
Postoperative intervention
  Surgical
   Surgical capsulotomy/membranectomy12 (17.4)2 (11.1)10 (4.2)
   IOL repositioning5 (7.2)2 (11.1)3 (3.4)
   YAG capsulotomy2 (2.9)4 (4.5)
   Excision of limbal conjunctival cyst1 (1.4)
   Aspiration of lens matter2 (2.2)
   IOL replacement1 (1.1)
  Medical
   Spectacle prescribed28 (40.6)6 (33.3)14 (15.7)
   Patching therapy23 (33.8)9 (50.0)8 (9.0)
   Systemic steroid2 (2.9)1 (5.6)12 (13.5)
Total number of follow-up visits
  18 (11.6)2 (11.1)16 (18.0)
  220 (29.0)6 (33.3)26 (29.2)
  320 (29.0)5 (27.8)28 (31.5)
  47 (10.1)2 (11.1)9 (10.1)
  54 (5.8)2 (11.1)5 (5.6)
  68 (11.6)1 (5.6)2 (2.2)
  72 (2.9)3 (3.4)
  • IOL, intraocular lens; PC, posterior capsule; YAG, yttrium-aluminum-garnet.