Table 1

Demographics of the healthy participants and patients with diabetes

CharacteristicsControlDiabetesP values
No DRDiabetic retinopathy
Subjects, n (M/F)16 (8/8)10 (6/4)18 (11/7)18 (12/6)0.800
Eyes, n21132423
Age, mean ±SD, years47±1852±2162±1453±140.066
Duration of diabetes, mean ±SD, years7.5±7.211.7±8.211.9±8.10.232
HbA1c, mean ±SD, %7.3±1.27.9±1.37.4±1.50.318
DMO prevalence, %046 (11 eyes)48 (11 eyes)
PRP prevalence, %083 (15 eyes)91 (21 eyes)
  • DMO, diabetic macular oedema; DR, diabetic retinopathy; F, female; HbA1c, haemoglobin A1c; M, male; NPDR, non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy; PDR, proliferative diabetic retinopathy; PRP, panretinal photocoagulation.