Table 1

Neuro-ophthalmic diagnoses, associated visual field (VF) defects and grade of VF loss for all 30 participants, ordered by increasing severity of VF loss

Neuro-ophthalmic diagnosisAge (years)EyeVisual field defect*Matching type of VF defect?20 Grade of visual field loss using the modified Wall and George system18
GoldmannOctopus
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)7RightNormal visual fieldYes00
LeftNormal visual fieldYes00
Suprasellar cyst
Hydrocephalus with VP shunt
7RightNormal visual fieldYes00
LeftNormal visual fieldYes00
Bilateral discrete white matter lesions7RightNormal visual field (previously found to have a nasal step)Yes00
LeftNormal visual field (previously found to have a nasal step)Yes00
Pituitary stalk lesion8RightNormal visual fieldYes00
LeftNormal visual fieldNo01
Craniopharyngioma treated with cyst decompression and photon therapy14RightNormal visual fieldNo01
LeftNormal visual fieldNo01
Langerhans cell histiocytosis with lesions in the base of skull and orbits12RightNormal visual fieldYes00
LeftEnlarged blind spotYes11
Transverse myelitis with optic neuritis and disc pallor7RightNormal visual fieldNo03
LeftMild reduction in central visual field sensitivityYes12
Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) and BIH12RightNormal visual fieldYes00
LeftMild isopter constriction, with enlargement of the blind spotNo10
IIH11RightMild isopter constrictionNo10
LeftNormal visual fieldYes00
Suprasellar epidermoid cyst11RightNormal visual fieldYes00
LeftSmall nasal step, with grossly enlarged blind spotYes22
Craniopharyngioma treated with proton beam therapy9RightMild reduction in central visual field sensitivity, with an enlarged blind spotYes11
LeftMild reduction in central visual field sensitivity, with an enlarged blind spotYes11
Craniopharyngioma (partially resected)9RightMild reduction in central visual field sensitivity, with an enlarged blind spotYes11
LeftMild reduction in central visual field sensitivity, with an enlarged blind spotYes11
Left optic nerve glioma12RightEnlarged blind spotYes13
LeftMild isopter constriction, with an enlarged blind spotYes12
IIH13RightMild isopter constrictionNo11
LeftMild isopter constrictionNo11
Secondary raised intracranial pressure (ICP) after steroids10RightMild reduction in central visual field sensitivityNA1NA
LeftMild isopter constriction (superior)NA1NA
Papilloedema5RightMild reduction in central visual field sensitivityYes11
LeftMild reduction in central visual field sensitivityNA1NA
Pontine cavernoma11RightMild reduction in central visual field sensitivityNo10
LeftMild reduction in central visual field sensitivityNo10
Low-grade glioma13RightEnlarged blind spotNo10
LeftMild reduction in central visual field sensitivity, with enlarged blind spotNo10
IIH14RightModerate isopter constriction, with enlarged blind spotYes12
LeftModerate isopter constriction, with enlarged blind spotYes22
IIH14RightModerate reduction in central visual field sensitivity, with enlarged blind spotYes22
LeftModerate reduction in central visual field sensitivity, with enlarged blind spotYes22
Right optic nerve glioma8RightModerate isopter constriction (nasal step), with an enlarged blind spotYes22
LeftNormal visual fieldNo01
Chiari I malformation10RightModerate isopter constriction, with enlarged blind spotYes33
LeftMild isopter constriction, with enlarged blind spotNo10
Medulloblastoma10RightMild/moderate isopter constriction, with isopter I2e inside 20°Yes22
LeftModerate isopter constriction, with a nasal stepYes32
Pilocytic brainstem astrocytoma with a paramacular scar10RightModerate isopter constriction, with isopter I2e inside 20°Yes21
LeftModerate isopter constriction, with isopter I2e inside 20°Yes22
Posterior fossa astrocytoma (resected) with a left IV cranial nerve palsy9RightModerate isopter constriction, with isopter I2e inside 10°No31
LeftModerate isopter constriction, with isopter I2e inside 20°No21
Arachnoid cyst—tilted discs with bilateral peripapillary atrophy9RightModerate reduction in central visual field sensitivity, with isopter I2e inside 10°Yes32
LeftModerate reduction in central visual field sensitivity, with isopter I2e inside 10°Yes32
Grade I ganglioglioma (left cerebellum). Posterior fossa craniotomy11RightModerate isopter constrictionYes33
LeftModerate isopter constriction, with a right hemifield defectNo43
Cervical meningocele with hydrocephalus and Chiari II malformation13RightSevere isopter constrictionYes44
LeftSevere isopter constrictionYes44
Epilepsy (lobectomy)15RightRight homonymous hemianopiaYes44
LeftRight homonymous hemianopiaYes44
Glioma (occipital lobe high grade)11RightLeft homonymous hemianopiaYes44
LeftLeft homonymous hemianopiaYes44
  • Shaded cells represent comparisons in those with good Examiner Based Assessment of Reliability (EBAR) ratings for Goldmann and Octopus perimetry (n=42).

  • *As recorded with Goldmann perimetry.

  • BIH, benign intracranial hypertension; NA, not applicable; VP, ventriculoperitoneal shunt.