Table 3

Associations with cystoid macular oedema, epiretinal membrane and cataract

Cystoid macular oedemaEpiretinal membraneCataract/pseudophakia
OR (95% CI)*
Age, per 10 years increase 0.81 (0.67 to 0.98) 1.13 (0.91 to 1.39) 2.30 (1.68 to 3.14)
Male vs female1.12 (0.60 to 2.09)0.99 (0.48 to 2.05)0.71 (0.32 to 1.59)
Inheritance pattern
AR/sporadic1.0 (reference)1.01.0
AD2.00 (0.90 to 4.43)0.93 (0.40 to 2.13)0.41 (0.16 to 1.10)
XL 0.05 (0.006 to 0.48)† 4.73 (0.93 to 24.01)0.38 (0.04 to 3.90)
Cystoid macular oedema
Epiretinal membrane 0.19 (0.09 to 0.40)†
Cataract/pseudophakia 0.37 (0.16 to 0.84)†
  • Bolded values are significant at p<0.05

  • *Adjusted for age. Gender was not significantly associated in any analyses.

  • †Additionally adjusted for other variables significant in univariable analyses that is, age, inheritance pattern, epiretinal membrane and cataract/pseudophakia.

  • AD, autosomal dominant; AR, autosomal recessive; XL, X linked.