Table 2

Ocular comorbidities that may affect decision on cataract surgery

Disease prompting early surgeryDiseases leading to guarded/worse outcome
Phacomorphic glaucomaEnd-stage glaucoma
Funduscopy unable to be performed due to dense cataractAdvanced optic neuropathy/pale disc
Diabetic retinopathy screeningAdvanced age-related macular degenerationwith geographic atrophy
Only eye with advanced cataract affecting quality of lifePre-existing macular scar involving the fovea
Severe anisometropiaPre-existing retinal disease causing scarring or loss of function
Hyper-mature cataract