Table 5

Risk factors associated with incident vision loss

Presenting vision lossBest-corrected vision loss
UnivariateMultipleUnivariate analysisMultiple
Age´╝×70 years3.50 (2.89, 4.24)*3.26 (2.57, 4.15)*5.49 (4.40, 6.85)*4.87 (3.65, 6.51)*
Female sex1.26 (1.05, 1.52)*1.39 (1.01, 1.90)*1.33 (1.10, 1.60)*1.70 (1.19, 2.42)*
Hypertension1.22 (1.01, 1.48)*1.01 (0.80, 1.28)1.54 (1.26, 1.89)*1.24 (0.94, 1.62)
More frequent falls1.69 (1.33, 2.14)*1.23 (0.92, 1.64)0.46 (0.30, 0.71)*1.15 (0.84, 1.59)
Living alone1.61 (1.27, 2.03)*1.35 (1.02, 1.80)*1.92 (1.53, 2.40)*1.27 (0.95, 1.71)*
Less education0.56 (0.46, 0.67)*0.71 (0.54, 0.93)*0.45 (0.36, 0.55)*0.55 (0.40, 0.75)
Lower income1.38 (1.05, 1.81)*0.97 (0.69, 1.35)1.79 (1.30, 2.48)*1.12 (0.74, 1.71)
Cataract surgery1.44 (1.00, 2.09)*0.88 (0.57, 1.37)1.22 (0.87, 1.72)
Longer axial length1.10 (0.97, 1.26)*1.20 (1.03, 1.41)*1.26 (1.12, 1.42)*1.52 (1.30, 1.78)*
No smoking0.73 (0.58, 0.93)*0.93 (0.66, 1.29)0.74 (0.57, 0.95)*1.10 (0.75, 1.62)
No alcohol0.68 (0.50, 0.92)*0.88 (0.59, 1.30)0.64 (0.45, 0.90)*0.80 (0.50, 1.28)
Diabetes1.02 (0.69, 1.53)0.41 (0.28, 0.58)*1.14 (0.39, 3.34)
BMI<240.87 (0.72, 1.05)*0.92 (0.73, 1.17)0.66 (0.53, 0.80)*0.77 (0.59, 1.01)
  • Data of the better-seeing eye in each participant were included for analysis. Variables with p<0.10 in univariate analysis were included in multiple logistic regression analysis.

  • *p <0.05.

  • BMI, body mass index.