Table 4

The multivariate linear regression model for the association between demographic characteristics, medical history, behaviour, ocular parameters and central macular, inner and outer rings

VariablesCentral macular subfieldInner ringOuter ring
BSEtP valueBSEtP valueBSEtP value
Age–0.440.05–9.44<0.001–4.000.04–10.93<0.001
Gender6.530.927.09<0.0015.760.698.33<0.0013.710.566.66<0.001
Education–3.201.83–1.750.080–4.131.44–2.87<0.001
BMI–0.340.12–2.790.005–0.160.09–1.720.087–0.160.07–2.210.027
SBP–0.030.02–1.610.107–0.020.01–1.570.115
Diabetes–5.51.62–3.450.001–2.211.27–1.740.082
HDL–3.231.67–1.930.054
Spherical equivalent–0.570.27–2.100.036
AL–0.830.27–3.120.002
ACD3.811.342.850.0042.791.002.800.005
Vertical C/D–7.711.96–3.94<0.001
Keratometry0.730.193.90<0.001
BCVA–7.812.04–3.84<0.001–2.911.60–1.830.068
  • Gender: male versus female; education: below high school versus high school or above.

  • ACD, anterior chamber depth; AL, axial length; BCVA, best-corrected visual acuity; BMI, body mass index; Vertical C/D, vertical cup disc ratio; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; SBP, systolic blood pressure.