Table 3

Association between baseline visual impairment bilaterality and severity with any incident falls

CharacteristicsAny incident fall
OR (95% CI)P value
Presenting bilateral/unilateral categories of VI
 Normal vision in both eyesReference
 Mild VI in one eye, normal vision in the other1.21 (0.82 to 1.80)0.320
 Moderate-worse VI in one eye, normal vision in the other1.04 (0.67 to 1.62)0.833
 Mild VI in both eyes 1.79 (1.07 to 2.98) 0.024
 Moderate-worse VI in one eye, mild VI in the other 1.58 (1.01 to 2.47) 0.043
 Moderate-worse VI in both eyes1.22 (0.79 to 1.88)0.365
  • Model adjusted for age, gender, race, body mass index, low socioeconomic status, EQ-5D mobility score, diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidaemia, CVD and medication use. Bolded values indicate significance.

  • CVD, cardio vascular disease; EQ-5D, European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions; VI, visual impairment.